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你突然感到疼痛,喉咙发痒,精力一落千丈. Are you coming down with a cold – or could it be the 流感?

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You can help prevent the 流感, and the spread of the 流感, by getting a 年度流感疫苗.* MedExpress集中库存 每个季节的流感疫苗 every fall to help patients protect themselves as soon as possible.

什么是流感??

流感是一种由流感病毒引起的高度传染性呼吸道疾病. 的 人类甲型和乙型流感病毒 are responsible for the seasonal outbreak of 流感 in the United States each year. H1N1也是一种更广为人知的流感病毒,通常被称为“猪流感”.”

的 time when 流感 is most prevalent is called “流感 season,” which is usually October through March in the United States. 不过,流感季节的持续时间可能会有所不同,有时流感活动可能会持续到5月. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 流感 cases generally peak between December and February.

While most healthy people recover from the 流感 within a few weeks, there are some 那些被认为有危险的人 流感引起的严重并发症,比如肺炎,可能会导致住院治疗.

这些高危人群包括:

  • 5岁以下儿童 
  • 孕妇 
  • 老年人 
  • Those with chronic illnesses or compromised immune systems 

流感症状

流感 症状 are similar to cold 症状, but can be more severe. 它们包括:

  • 突然发病 
  • 发热 
  • 发冷 
  • 喉咙痛 
  • 流鼻涕或鼻塞 
  • 咳嗽 
  • 身体疼痛 
  • 疲劳/疲劳 
  • Vomiting or diarrhea (more common in children) 

Not everyone who has the 流感 will have all of the 症状 above, 包括发烧, and some 症状 may last longer than others, 如疲劳.

woman holding her nose while laying on the couch

诊断猪流感

当流感流行时, 根据病史,你的MedExpress医疗团队可能会做出临床诊断, 症状, 和物理考试. 医生也会做一些测试, 医师助理, or nurse practitioner may use to confirm the presence of the in流感enza virus. 的 most common ones that are used are "rapid in流感enza diagnostics tests," which can provide results within about 15 minutes.

对于测试, 将在你的鼻子内部或喉咙后部擦拭,以获得样本,然后在MedExpress进行现场测试.

治疗流感

的 流感 can be treated with antiviral drugs. And while you are waiting for the 流感 to run its course, 你可以在家缓解你的症状,帮助你感觉更舒服,直到你的病情好转.

抗病毒药物治疗

流感可以用某些抗病毒药物治疗,这些药物只能通过处方获得. 建议在出现症状后两天内开始服用抗病毒药物. 所以如果你觉得你可能得了流感, 重要的是要去看医疗专业人士,尽快开始抗病毒药物治疗. 这些药物可以帮助减轻症状的严重程度,并可以减少你生病的时间一到两天.

另外, 即使他们错过了两天的时间, 患流感并发症(如肺炎或慢性疾病恶化)的高风险人群仍应服用抗病毒药物.

Note: Antiviral drugs are different from antibiotics, which are used to treat 细菌感染. Like colds, the 流感 is caused by a virus and cannot be treated with antibiotics.

家庭缓解症状

当你的身体在努力对抗流感时,你可以通过以下方法来增强免疫系统:

  • 充分休息. 
  • Drinking lots of 流感ids to stave off dehydration. 
  • Using a humidifier to ease nasal congestion. 
  • Gargling salt water to soothe your sore throat. 
  • Taking ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin to reduce achiness or headaches. However, do not give aspirin to children due to the risk of Reye’s syndrome. 

(在开始一种新的药物治疗之前, 咨询您的医疗保健提供者,以确定是否服用这些药物适合您或您的孩子.)

从流感中康复

It can take people up to three weeks to recover fully from the 流感. 你可能会注意到,你会更加疲劳,或者你可能会在之后的几个星期里有轻微的咳嗽. Take time to recuperate and rest as much as you can.

While most people recover completely from the 流感 in a few weeks, 它还可以引起继发性疾病, 如 耳部感染, 鼻窦感染, 支气管炎, or 肺炎. If you begin to feel worse after three or four days with the 流感, 或者注意新症状的出现, 比如耳痛或持续咳嗽, 立即就医. 的se new 症状 could mean that you have developed a secondary infection.

预防流感

One of the best ways to prevent the 流感 is to get a 流感疫苗 every year, ideally in September or October before 流感 season starts.

流感病毒最常见的传播途径是流感患者打喷嚏或咳嗽时通过空气中的飞沫传播. 然而,流感病毒可以在门把手或手机等表面上存活长达24小时.

在流感季节,你可以采取一些额外的措施来保护自己:

  • 避免触摸你的脸、鼻子、嘴和眼睛——这些地方可能会有细菌进入你的身体. 
  • 避免与生病的人接触. 
  • Wash your hands as often as you can, especially if you touch shared surfaces (e.g. 门把手). 

最后, 如果你或你的孩子得了流感, 通常在生病后的三到四天内,你的传染性最强. Here are measures you can take to help prevent spreading your illness to others:

  • 呆在家里不工作 or 让你的孩子不上学 退烧后至少24小时(不使用退烧药). 
  • Sneeze or 咳嗽 into a tissue and throw it away immediately afterwards. Wash your hands after you’ve tossed your tissue. 
  • Sneeze or 咳嗽 into the crook of your elbow if you don’t have a tissue handy. 

感冒和流感的区别

感冒和流感都是病毒性疾病,有时很难把它们区分开来. 下面是彩票平台有用的图表, 你可以了解感冒和流感的症状,以及这些症状在感冒或流感中的不同表现.

冷和. 流感. 学习的区别.

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Looking for an alternative version of the above infographic?

  • 冷和. 流感

    症状

    热: A fever happens rarely with a cold, but it is usually present with the 流感.

    疼痛: 感冒会有轻微的疼痛,但流感会有严重的疼痛.

    寒战: 发冷 rarely occur with a cold, but they are common with the 流感.

    疲劳: Slight to moderate levels of tiredness occur with a cold, but moderate to severe levels of tiredness occur with the 流感.

    开始: A cold's onset takes place over a few days, but the 流感's onset is sudden.

    咳嗽: 感冒常产生粘液, 有时干, 咳嗽, 但流感通常是干咳, 有时会食用.

    打喷嚏: Sneezing is common with a cold, but it is not typical with the 流感.

    鼻塞: A stuffy nose is common with a cold, but it is not typical with the 流感.

    头痛: A headache is common with a cold, but it is not common with the 流感.

     

     

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Differences Between the 流感 and 新型冠状病毒肺炎

当流感和 新型冠状病毒肺炎 呼吸系统疾病是由两种不同的病毒引起的吗?它们有许多相似的症状吗.

However, there are a few key differences. 流感的症状出现得很快,可能在感染后一到四天内出现. 新型冠状病毒肺炎 症状 can appear anywhere from two to 14 days after infection, but most develop five days after being infected. 另一个关键区别是,新型冠状病毒肺炎可能会影响你的味觉和嗅觉能力.


引用:

1 的 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 流感季节. 2018年7月12日发布. 于2019年5月7日通过.

4岁及以上. 而供应. 一些限制.

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